Bee Products and Amino Acids

[eBook Appendices]

amino acidsAs discussed in previous chapters, bee products such as royal jelly and bee pollen are rich in amino acids, proteins, globulins and peptones. Amongst these are:

Tryptophan, Leucine, Lysine, Isoleucine, Methionine, Cystiene, Thresonine, Arginine, Phenylalanine, Histidine, Valine, Glutamic acid, Tyrosine, Glycine, Serine, Proline, Alanine, Aspartic acid, Hydroxyproline, Butyric acid.

Amino acids are the basic building blocks of life, essential to our very existence. When we examine the various properties and associated benefits of each of the key amino acids, we start to form a clearer picture as to why bee products may be so beneficial to our health.

Let us take a ‘reference style’ look at these basic elements of life that are abundantly present in bee products, and look at some findings from recent medical studies:

TRYPTOPHAM:
A natural relaxant, helps alleviate insomnia by inducing normal sleep; reduces anxiety & depression; helps in the treatment of migraine headaches; helps the immune system; helps reduce the risk of artery & heart spasms; works with Lysine in reducing cholesterol levels.

Tryptophan, an essential amino acid present in most protein foods including bee pollen.
Tryptophan as an amino supplement has been used by millions of people for many years and has been established as a safe and effective product.

The benefits associated with Tryptopham are commonly stated as:
• Mood enhancement and feelings of well-being
• Stress reduction and the promotion of calmness, serenity, relaxation, and concentration.
• Natural anti-depressant effects.
• Augments light therapy for depression.
• A natural sleep aid.
• An anti-anxiety agent.
• May inhibit aggressive behavior.
• Reduces carbohydrate cravings, thus aiding blood sugar control & weight loss.
• Reduces symptoms of PMS.
• With fibromyalgia, reduces the number of tender points, anxiety, pain intensity & improves quality of sleep.
• Aids in general chronic pain syndromes

LYSINE:
Lysine is one of the essential amino acids and is found in bee products like royal jelly. It is found in abundance in your muscles, however your body cannot generate its own Lysine, meaning you must get it from your diet or from supplements such as bee pollen products.
Recent studies have shown that Lysine may be effective against herpes by improving the balance of nutrients that reduce viral growth. A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate, irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, hair loss , anemia and reproductive problems.
Prolonged stressful situations increase our requirements for Lysine and it is important in the formation of collagen (the protein that forms the matrix of your bone, cartilage & connective tissue).
Research indicates lysine supplements (supplements which include bee products) may enhance intestinal absorption of calcium and reduce the passage of calcium in the urine.
The benefits associated with Lysine are commonly stated as:
• Use in prevention & treatment of osteoporosis.
• May aid bone healing from injury.
• May prevent or decrease the severity of any viral flare-up.
• May helps with skin health & elasticity.
• May prevent or decrease the severity of genital herpes outbreaks.
• May build muscle and connecting tissue.

METHIONINE:-
Methionine is one of the essential sulfur amino acids and is found in bee products such as ‘Total Bee Plus’. As with other amino acids, you do not create your own so you must ingest it for survival. Methionine contributes to the formation of important compounds in your body and works as a sulfur donor to aid in your body’s detoxification processes. It may help prevent disorders of the hair, skin and nails; and helps to lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver’s production of lecithin; reduces liver fat and protects the kidneys.
Methionine also plays a key role in regulating the availability of folic acid.
Also of significance is the fact that allergic (high histamine) persons tend to be methionine deficient, and so supplementation may be particularly important in this category of people as a mechanism for lowering blood histamine levels.
The benefits associated with Methionine are commonly stated as:
• May improve healing from surgery & other wounds.
• May be helpful in combating depression.
• May be helpful for alcoholism.
• May be useful with allergies & asthma.
• May be beneficial against the toxic effects of radiation.
• May be useful for the high histamine type of schizophrenia – is most useful in those schizophrenics who are depressed.
• Liver disorders.
• May reduce withdrawal symptoms & depression from heroin, barbiturate, or amphetamine reduction.
• Antioxidant therapy.

CYSTEINE:-
Cysteine can be obtained from dietary and is depleted by cigarette smoking, the depletion of which may be partially related to the faster aging of skin in smokers.
Cysteine is a major component of skin, hair, & fingernails. Studies show that cysteine supplementation can increase hair shaft diameter and hair growth density in some cases of hair loss.
Cysteine functions as an antioxidant and is a powerful aid to the body in protecting against radiation and pollution. It can help slow down the aging process, deactivate free radicals, neutralize toxins; aids in protein synthesis and presents cellular change. It is necessary for the formation of the skin, which aids in the recovery from burns and surgical operations.
The benefits associated with Methionine are commonly stated as:
• Help with skin health.
• Stop hair loss & aid hair growth.
• Aid wound healing from injuries, burns, or surgery.
• Help protect us from the adverse effects of alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, & other chemicals.
• Support the liver when there are liver disorders.
• Enhance absorption of iron.
• Ameliorate chemical sensitivity reactions.
• Promote the production of red & white blood cells.
• Support cartilage (as a precursor to chondroitin sulfate.)

HISTIDINE:-
Histidine is an essential amino acid and is delivered mostly from our diets and supplements.
Histidine has anti-inflammatory properties and is the only amino acid found to be consistently low in the blood of those with rheumatoid arthritis.
The benefits associated with Histidine are commonly stated as:
• Enhances wound healing,
• Is essential for tissue growth & repair.
• Is helpful with rheumatoid arthritis.
• Is important for red blood cell health. Deficiency will cause decreased hemoglobin & hematocrit, ultimately leading to anemia.
• Helps store glucose in your liver.

GLUTAMINE:-
Glutamine plays a key role in the metabolism, and the gastrointestinal tract. It is the primary energy source for the cells that line your intestines and is essential to keeping them healthy. Considered also to a “Brain food” by improving mental capacities, it may also help speed the healing of ulcers and lower fatigue.
The benefits associated with Glutamine are commonly stated as:
• Chronic fatigue or general energy booster.
• Depression.
• Poor memory, focus, concentration.
• Blood sugar instability.
• Alcoholism – helps to decrease the craving for alcohol.
• To detoxify ammonia & other poisonous waste products in your body.
• Stress tolerance.
• Muscle support & building – especially with prolonged exercise or for athletes & body builders.
• Improving mental fatigue.
• Gastrointestinal disorders.
• Ulcers.
• To protect against the side effects of & to increase the benefits of cancer chemotherapy & radiation treatment.
• Helps make DNA (cellular genetic material)

TYROSINE:-
Tyrosine is significant due to its ability to convert to the mood elevating neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and dopamine, in the brain and may thus help with depression.
Tyrosine may convert to thyroid hormone and to adrenaline which is produced by your adrenal gland in response to stress.
The benefits associated with Tyrosine are commonly stated as:
• Low moods or depression.
• Stress protection.
• Symptoms of PMS.
• Improving motivation and concentration.
• Hypothyroidism.
• Fatigue.
• Maximizing peak mental or athletic performance.
Sources include Dr. Slagle “The Way Up From Down”
By analyzing the nutrient content of all four important bee products (Royal Jelly, Bee Pollen, Propolis and Honey), and looking at each of the vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and fats, and by comparing each component against know data relating to that component, we now have a clear picture of the full spectrum of potential benefits from these products.
The following itemizes the complete (known) content of bee products, (this is the combined nutrient content available from ingesting all four bee products):

Vitamins
Provitamin A (carotenoids), Vitamin B-1 (thiamine), Vitamin B-2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B-3 (niacin), Vitamin B-5 (panothenic acid), Vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), Vitamin B-7, Vitamin B-8, Vitamin B-9, Vitamin B-12 (cyamoco balamin), Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin H (biotin), Vitamin K, Choline, Inositol, Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, Rutin, VitaminPP (nicotinicamide) .
Minerals
Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Copper, Potassium, Magnesium, Manganese, Silicoa, Sulphur, Sodium, Titanium, Zinc, Iodine, Chlorine, Boron, Molybdenum.
Enzymes & Coenzymes
Disstase, Phosphatase, Amylase, Catalase, Saccharase, Diaphorase, Pectase, Cozymase, Cytochrome systems, Lactic dehydrogenase, Succinic dehydrogenase.
Fats & Oils
Fatty Acid, Hexadecanol, Alpha-amino butyric acid.
Fatty Acids
Caproic (C-6), Caprylic (C-8), Capric (C-10), Lauric (C-12), Myristic (C-14), Palmitic (C-16), Palmitoleic (C-15), Uncowa, Stearic (C-18), Oleic (C-18), Linoleic (C-18), Aracidic (C-20), Benemic (C-22), Limolenic (C-18), Eicosanoic (C-20), Brucic (C-22).
Proteins, Globulins, Peptones & Amino Acids
Tryptophan, Leucine, Lysine, Isoleucine, Methionine, Cystine, Thresonine, Arginine, Phenylalanine, Histidine, Valine, Glutamic acid, Tyrosine, Glycine, Serine, Proline, Alanine, Aspartic acid, Hydroxyproline, Butyric acid.
Carbohydrates
Gums, Pentosans, Cellulose, Sooronine, Starch, Sucrose, Levulose, Fructose, Grape sugar, Reducing Sugars.
Micro-Nutrients
Nucleosides, Auxins, Brassins, Gibberellins, Kinins, Vernine, Guanine, Xanthine, Hypoxalthine, Crocetin, Zeaxanthin, Lycopene, Hexodecanol, Alpha-Amino-Butyric Acid, Monoglycerides, Deglycerides, Triglycerides, Peutosaus
Miscellaneous
Waxes, Resins, Streoids, Growth Factors, Vernine , Guanine, Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, Nuclein, Amines, Lecithin, Glucoside of Isorhanetin, Glycosides of Quercetir, Selenium, Nucleic Acids, Flavonoids, Phenolic Acids, Tarpenes and many other as yet unidentified nutrients…

When we look at research into the nutritive properties of the above, we see a wide range of potential benefits to our health –

Possible Health Benefits derived from the main components of bee products

• promote anti aging / longevity
• stimulate the immune system and fights against viral and bacterial infection
• regulate and balance hormones
• increase vigor and physical strength
• can help regulate weight
• craving suppressant (food / nicotine)
• stimulate memory and mental function
• fight chronic fatigue
• Protect against hay fever and certain allergies
• Help with stress and anxiety
• Increased energy and stamina – (bee pollen taken widely by athletes)
• fight colds and respiratory infections
• helps promote smooth, healthy and toned skin
• improved sexual function, facilitates fertility and may help reverse impotence
• may help to regenerate bone growth
• build tissue and muscle
• may reduce cholesterol
• may reduce high blood pressure
• lower blood lipids and cholesterol
• rejuvenate the aged, sick or week.
• may help with menopause related symptoms
• may help endocrine system disorders
• hepato-protective (liver)
• support during pregnancy and menopause
• hormonal imbalances
• coronary artery disease
• bladder infections
• wound healing
• anemia
• inflammations
• liver ailments
• cancer
• arthritis
• depression
• diabetes
• asthma
• anabolic support
• weak or tired eyes
• arteriosclerosis
• malnutrition
• mental exhaustion
• mononucleosis
• ulcers
• eczema
• impetigo
• may increase hemoglobin count and treat or prevent anemia caused by nutritional factors

The capacity for bee products or any nutritional supplement to positively impact our health will vary significantly dependant on a variety of important factors. Factors like gender, age, body weight, severity of pre-existing conditions, even hereditary factors are influential.

A Closing Note About Bee keeping
Beekeeping, or apiculture, is the term used to describe the cultivation of colonies of honeybees.
Bees are bred for commercial purposes and can be a lucrative business, both in terms of the nutritious products they produce and the value of the bees themselves.
Most beekeepers produce honey and beeswax, breed bees for sale, and offer beekeeping supplies and equipment. Other beekeepers extend the production from the hive to include Royal Jelly and Propolis, both of which require more time, effort and investment.

Lorraine Langstroth first introduced Beekeeping here in the United States in 1851.
The comparative ‘youth’ of the beekeeping industry here in the US might offer some explanation as to why it has taken so long for the medical industry to embrace bee products for their undoubted medical and therapeutic benefits.

Many of us do not realize that beehives are not maintained solely for the purpose of extracting nutritive substances. Crop farmers keep bees to pollinate their crops, and over 50% of commercial crops in the US rely on pollination by bees.
There are many types of flowers that vie for the bee’s attention and bees are very selective about the types of pollens that they will forage, generally avoiding plants that have been sprayed with pesticides.

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